In a statement upon his arrival, Hamdok said that “peace will open a wide horizon for development, progress and prosperity.” Sudan has a unique opportunity to adopt a democratic transition, but there is no room for complacency. Comprehensive reforms and a unified democratic front will be the key to peace, freedom and justice, as well as continued international pressure. In the IdP camp in Hujaj, in the city of al-Genena, IDP representative Mariam Adam Hussein called the signed agreement a “half-peace treaty.” After signing the Juba peace agreement on 31 August, Sudan is looking to a better future, an important first step in bringing peace to conflict zones and laying the foundations for democratic transition and economic reforms across the country. On Christmas Eve 2015, Salva Kiir announced that he was moving forward with a plan to increase the number of states from 10 to 28, and then, five days later, he swore to all the new governors he had appointed and considered loyal. [190] The new borders give Kiirs Dinkas a majority on strategic sites. [190] Some observers believe that the government maintains the peace agreement to maintain international aid while supporting campaigns to strengthen the Dinka`s control over land and resources traditionally held by other groups. [197] In July 2016, when most of Shilluk Agwelek`s troops joined the SPLM-IO that concluded the peace agreement with the government, some Schilluk felt dissatisfied. In October 2015, after the creation of the new states, a new group, consisting mainly of Schilluk, was created by the Tiger Faction New Forces (TFNF), led by General Yohanis Okiech. [198] They refused membership of the SPLM-IO or the peace agreement and called for the restoration of the original borders of the Shilluk territories of 1956.

[199] “No matter where people live or who they are, all South Sudanese hope for peace and prosperity,” he added. “We are witnessing a return to business as usual,” where progress on the peace agreement itself is dragging on. The SRF includes rebel groups from the war-torn western Darfur region, as well as the Southern Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. Two other established rebel groups have not signed, reflecting the challenges the peace process still faces. President Salva Kiir spoke on national television on 16 December after abandoning his cowboy suit and hat for military fatigue and said, surrounded by government officials, that the coup had been foiled and that it had been orchestrated by a group of soldiers allied to the former vice-president. [81] [95] On 21 December, the government announced its unconditional willingness to hold peace talks with each rebel group, including Machar. In a Christmas message, Kiir warned that the fighting will become a tribal conflict. [101] Chief Whip and Member of Parliament for the great state of Osquatoria, Tulio Odongi Ayahu, announced his support for Kiir.

[102] The group of young people close to the SPLM condemned Kiir`s attempted fall. [103] In January 2014, direct negotiations were launched between the two sides, under the leadership of “IGAD” (which includes the eight regional nations and the African Union, the United Nations, China, the EU, the United States, the United Kingdom and Norway). [153] [154] In order to secure a stronger negotiating position, South Sudanese troops fighting alongside Ugandan forces res resumed every rebel-held town, including Bor on 18 January[155] and Malakal on 20 January. [156] Government forces were supported by Ugandan forces, against the wishes of IGAD,[157] who feared a major regional conflict. [158] Uganda announced that they had joined the January fight[159] after challenging it[160] that troops should evacuate only Ugandan nationals. [161] On 23 January 2014, representatives of the Government of South Sudan and representatives of rebel leader Riek Machar in Ethiopia reached a ceasefire agreement. [162] [163] The agreement also provided for the release of eleven officials close to rebel leader Machar. [162] At least 48 people were killed and many others injured in Darfur.

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